1. specialize in a very specific field
Engineering is a diverse field that allows you to choose between many disciplines and different specialties. Broadly speaking, engineering is a “branch of science and technology which concerns the design, manufacture and use of engines, machines and structures”. As you can imagine, this groups together a lot of areas. By having specific career goals and specializing in a discipline that interests you, you will succeed in excelling in the field that fascinates you most. There are many areas where you can be a generalist, but as an engineer you will find that you can get higher paying jobs when you choose a specialty.
Civil engineers design, develop and supervise the construction of buildings and infrastructure. This can include everything from high rise buildings to residential dwellings, structures and commercial buildings, roads and bridges. Civil engineers can also work on sewer, water supply and drainage systems. The public and private sectors offer jobs in this field.
Electrical engineers design, develop and test electrical systems and equipment. As an electrical engineer, you could work on any kind of electrical device, from tiny microcomputers to massive supercomputers. You could also work in industries like hydropower, transmission or telecommunications, or large-scale electrical systems or power grids.
Mechanical engineers design, build and improve devices that serve different purposes. Depending on your role, you can design machines like generators, batteries, motors, turbines, household appliances, heating or cooling systems, elevators or escalators. Engineers in the field of manufacturing also fall into this category. As such, you will develop devices that will facilitate or simplify manufacturing methods.
Biomedical engineers analyze and solve problems in the field of biology and medicine. Biomedical engineers are engaged in the development of artificial organs or limbs, as well as medical treatments or devices, such as pacemakers, hearing aids and other instruments for medical purposes. They may also create, test or improve medical equipment, devices or instruments for diagnostic purposes or to treat health problems. Biomedical engineers have dual training in engineering, as well as medicine or biology.
Petroleum engineers work in the petroleum, natural gas and mining industries. Their primary goal is to design safe, efficient and cost-effective methods of extracting oil and natural gas sources. Even though you might have to work out a way to exploit a new reservoir, you might also be asked to find a new way to extract oil and natural gas from a well that already exists.
Software engineers use the principles of computer science, engineering and mathematics to design, develop, test and implement different software. As a software engineer, you could develop operating systems, computer applications, games, computer networks, or even software or systems for businesses. A software engineer usually needs to be good at software development and understand the main
2.the development of a portfolio
Engineering is a practical profession, so sometimes a resume cannot convey everything you are capable of. It often happens that engineers see a portfolio as an invaluable tool when looking for a job. A portfolio not only allows you to better showcase your work experience, but it can also help you stand out from other applicants.
Here is what we should find in your engineering portfolio:
A biography focused on your education, certifications and work experience A copy of your resume focused on your engineering skills.
Detailed information about your work and the projects in which you have participated.
References or letters of recommendation from individuals with or for whom you have worked.
Examples of projects you have worked on or any other demonstration of your skills. This is the opportunity to be creative. Do you have a YouTube video of an ongoing project? Have you built any models or prototypes that you can show off?
3.networking, another useful tool
Even though engineering is a diverse field, the engineering community is smaller than you might think! This is especially the case if you specialize in a particular discipline. So your contacts become particularly important when looking for a new engineering job. You never know when a former client might be in the process of hiring or if an ex-colleague is able to recommend you for a position with the company that hires them. It’s no secret that hiring managers love referrals. Referred employees are easier to hire and train, and they keep their jobs longer. Even if you are not a natural networker, here are some clues that will help you build your network as an engineer!
Current and former colleagues – Your colleagues are in the best position to start your network. They work in the industry and probably know some very helpful people, especially if they’ve been in the business for a while. This also includes clients and bosses. However, make sure you are not a colleague who continually asks for help and never offers anything in return.
Your Alumni Association – Most colleges and universities have a Alumni Association that you can join to connect with fellow classmates who have graduated from the same program as you.
Professional Associations – In Canada, every province has an association of professional engineers of which you can become a member. You might also find associations of more specialized engineers that match your chosen discipline.
Social Media – Social media is surprisingly a great way to meet other engineers. Visit discussion groups created for engineers, such as LinkedIn and Facebook. Twitter also has a place that is also ideal for getting involved in the engineering community.